HP Notebook PCs – Updating the BIOS

HP Notebook PCs – Updating the BIOS

The Cell processor inside
Sony’s PlayStation 3 is a powerhouse that lets the gaming console render
highly detailed graphics at blistering speed. That same chip gives the
PS3 all the processing muscle it needs to become a fully functional
computer. When we first heard this was possible, we were sure the
procedure had to be illegal, or that it would at least void the
warranty. But as it turns out, this is that rarest of finds in consumer
electronics: a perfectly legal, manufacturer-supported hack that adds
significant functionality. With a little bit of effort and expense, we
turned a PS3 into a Linux computer—without losing any of the machine’s
native gaming goodness. And we’d like one of our readers to win it.

HP Notebook PCs – Updating the BIOS

澳门新萄京8522,Updating the
BIOS

Updating the BIOS when Windows does not
start (Windows 10, 8,
7)

 

本文原地点

 

This document includes the steps for finding, downloading, and
installing updates to BIOS (Basic Input Output System) or ROM (ROMPaq)
for your HP or Compaq notebook computer.

 NOTE:

The term “ROMPaq” refers to the BIOS for Compaq Presario computers
prior to 2002.

Updating the BIOS, also known as “flashing the BIOS,” replaces the BIOS
firmware. When completed successfully, a BIOS update can fix or enhance
aspects of a computer’s performance, or provide support for newly
installed hardware. However, if an incorrect update is installed or if
the update process is interrupted, the motherboard can be permanently
damaged, leaving the computer unable to boot. It is recommended to
update your BIOS only if one or more of the following conditions apply:

  • The update fixes a problem with your computer.

  • The update enhances your computer’s performance in a desired way.

  • You are planning to change the operating system, processor, or other
    feature(s), and the current BIOS version will not support the new
    configuration.

  • An HP Support Agent, or an HP support document, recommends that you
    download and install a specific updated BIOS.

Use one of the sets of steps below to update the BIOS in your computer.

 CAUTION:

Only install BIOS updates from HP. Do not install BIOS updates from
the motherboard manufacturer’s website. Doing so might prevent the
computer from accepting an HP System Recovery.

Updating the BIOS

Use the following steps to find and install an updated BIOS:

Before you begin updating the BIOS

The following tools and information are needed to perform the steps in
this document and check for BIOS updates:

  • Product number

     NOTE:

    The product number is usually located on a sticker on the bottom
    of the computer. For help finding the product number, refer to the
    HP support document, How Do I Find My Model Number or Product
    Number?.

  • An Internet connection

    If your computer does not have an Internet connection, use another
    computer with an Internet connection to download the update and save
    it to removable media (for example, a CD or thumb drive).

  • A printout of this document

  • Pencil and paper

Step 1: Finding the current BIOS version number

To find the current BIOS version on your computer, follow the steps
below.

  1. In Windows search for msinfo32.exe, and click msinfo32.exe in
    the list of results.

  2. In the System Information window under the System Summary category, look for the BIOS Version/Date entry. This is your current BIOS
    version.

    Figure : System Information BIOS
    Version/Date

    澳门新萄京8522 1

  3. Write down the BIOS version and continue with the next section to
    find the processor type.

Step 2: Finding the processor type

Some computer models have more than one kind of processor over the
course of their manufacturing lifetime. A different processor might
require a different BIOS. Verify which processor is installed in your
computer and compare it to the documentation in your BIOS download
before installing the BIOS update.

To determine which processor is installed in your computer, follow the
steps below.

  1. In Windows search for msinfo32.exe, and click msinfo32.exe in
    the list of results.
  2. In the System Information window under the System Summary category, look for the Processor entry. This is the type of processor in your
    computer.

    Figure : System Information Processor
    entry

    澳门新萄京8522 2

  3. Write down the processor information. Take the time to ensure that
    the BIOS you are about to install is one meant to be used with your
    specific processor. Continue with finding and downloading BIOS
    updates.

Step 3: Finding and downloading BIOS updates

To find and download the BIOS updates for your computer, find the
specific product number on your computer and follow these steps:

  1. Go to the HP Software & Driver
    Downloads webpage.

  2. Navigate to the product page for your computer model.

    For help finding the product number of your notebook, refer to the
    HP support document How Do I Find My Model Number or Product
    Number?

  3. Select the operating system (such as Microsoft Windows 8.1 (64-bit))
    your computer is running, and then click Submit.

     NOTE:

    If the operating system that you need is not listed, updates for
    your computer are not available from HP at this time.

  4. The webpage lists the available updates for your computer. If
    a BIOS category is listed, select BIOS.

    • If a BIOS category is not listed on the
      webpage, the original BIOS version already on the computer might
      be the latest available.

    • If the update is newer than your current BIOS version, choose
      the correct download for your processor and follow the on-screen
      instructions.

    • If the version of the listed BIOS is the same or older than the
      current BIOS on the computer, you may exit this procedure. The
      computer does not require a BIOS update at this time.

  5. Click More details to view the overview,
    installation instructions, and system requirements for the BIOS
    update.

    It is important to read the Overview and System requirements sections to verify that the BIOS
    update applies to your computer. Installing a BIOS that is not
    designed for the processor or operating system in your computer
    could cause the computer to stop working.

  6. Click Download, and when prompted, click Save as to save the file to a convenient location, such
    as your desktop.

     CAUTION:

    Do not select the option to Run a BIOS update
    over the network.

    The BIOS image is now saved to the computer. Continue to the next
    section to install the BIOS update.

Step 4: Installing the BIOS update

Once you have downloaded and saved the latest version of the BIOS to
your computer, you will need to install the new BIOS image. Installing
the BIOS update will take a few minutes. It is important to remain
patient – do not interrupt the update process.

To install the BIOS update, follow the steps below.

  1. Connect the AC power supply to the notebook. Do not disconnect the
    power supply during the BIOS update process.

  2. Close any open programs and temporarily disable your antivirus
    software. Remember to re-enable the antivirus software after the
    installation is complete.

  3. Locate the BIOS file (example filename: sp12345.exe) that you
    downloaded and saved to a convenient location on your computer.

  4. Double-click the file to start the installation and follow the
    on-screen instructions.

  5. Wait for the installation to complete, and then restart the computer
    when prompted.

    The latest version of the BIOS is now installed on the computer.

Updating the BIOS when Windows does not start (Windows 10, 8, 7)

Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) is firmware code from a
chip on your motherboard that provides extra functionality, beyond the
Basic Input/Output System (BIOS). If your computer will not boot into
Windows, and the computer features a UEFI Startup Menu, you can update
the system BIOS using UEFI.

 NOTE:

If your computer does not feature UEFI, update the
BIOS using
the other method described in this document.

Use the following steps to update the BIOS through the UEFI menu:

This video shows how to update the BIOS when Windows does not start on
your notebook using Windows 7 or 8

 

Click here to see this video in full screen on
YouTube.

Before you begin updating the BIOS

The following tools and information are needed to perform the steps in
this section:

  • Product number

     NOTE:

    The product number is usually located on a sticker on the bottom
    of the computer. For help finding the product number, refer to the
    HP support document, How Do I Find My Model Number or Product
    Number?.

  • An Internet connection

    If your computer does not have an Internet connection, use another
    computer with an Internet connection to download the update and save
    it to removable media (for example, a CD or thumb drive).

  • A blank USB drive

Step 1: Finding and downloading BIOS updates

To find and download a BIOS updates for your computer, find the specific
product number on your computer and follow these steps:

  1. Connect a blank USB drive to the computer.

  2. Go to the HP Software & Driver
    Downloads webpage.

  3. Navigate to the product page for your computer model.

    For help finding the product number of your notebook, refer to the
    HP support document How Do I Find My Model Number or Product
    Number?

  4. Select the operating system (such as Microsoft Windows 8.1 (64-bit))
    your computer is running, and then click Submit.

  5. The webpage lists the available updates for your computer. If
    a BIOS category is listed, click BIOS.

  6. Click More details to view the overview,
    installation instructions, and system requirements for the BIOS
    update.

    It is important to read the Overview and System requirements sections to verify that the BIOS
    update applies to your computer. Installing a BIOS that is not
    designed for the processor or operating system in your computer
    could cause the computer to stop working.

  7. Click the file name, and then click Run.

  8. In the InstallShield Wizard window, click Next.

    Figure : InstallShield Wizard

    澳门新萄京8522 3

  9. Select I accept the terms in the license
    agreement, and then click Next.

    Figure : End User License Agreement

    澳门新萄京8522 4

  10. The HP System BIOS Update Utility opens. Click Next.

    Figure : HP System BIOS Update Utility

    澳门新萄京8522 5

  11. Select Create Recovery USB flash drive, and then
    click Next.

    Figure : Create Recovery USB flash drive

    澳门新萄京8522 6

  12. Select your USB drive in the list, and then click Next.

    Figure : USB flash drive

    澳门新萄京8522 7

  13. Wait while the BIOS files are copied to your USB drive. When the
    message The recovery flash drive was
    created successfully displays, clickFinish.

    Figure : The recovery flash drive was created
    successfully

    澳门新萄京8522 8

  14. Click Cancel to close the HP System BIOS Update
    Utility.

    The BIOS recovery USB drive is ready to use. Proceed to the next
    step.

Step 2: Finding the System Board ID in BIOS

You will need the notebook System Board ID to identify the correct BIOS
file to install. Find the System Board ID on your notebook using the
following steps:

  1. Turn on the computer and, while the display is blank, press
    the F10 key to enter the BIOS settings
    menu.

     NOTE:

    The BIOS settings menu is accessible by pressing the  class=”fixed_space”>F2 or F6 key on some
    computers.

  2. On the Main tab, find the System Board ID, and write it down to
    reference during the BIOS update process.

    Figure : System Board ID

    澳门新萄京8522 9

  3. Press the F10 key to exit BIOS.

Step 3: Open the Hardware Diagnostics UEFI menu

Use the steps in one of the following sections to open the Hardware
Diagnostics UEFI menu:

Accessing UEFI during system
startup

Accessing UEFI from within Windows (Windows 10,
8)

Step 4: Update the BIOS

With the Hardware Diagnostics UEFI menu open, use the following steps to
update the BIOS:

  1. Connect the AC power supply to the notebook. Do not disconnect the
    power supply during the BIOS update process.

  2. Connect the USB drive that contains the BIOS file to the notebook.

  3. On the HP PC Hardware Diagnostics UEFI screen, click Firmware Management or BIOS
    Management.

    Figure : Firmware Management

    澳门新萄京8522 10

  4. Click BIOS Update.

    Figure : BIOS Update

    澳门新萄京8522 11

  5. The BIOS Management screen shows the current BIOS version.
    Click Select BIOS Image To Apply.

    Figure : Select BIOS Image To Apply

    澳门新萄京8522 12

  6. Click HP_TOOLS, and then click HEWLETT_PACKARD.

  7. Navigate to the BIOS image. The file is stored in a folder named
    either BIOSUpdate, CURRENT, NEW, or PREVIOUS.

  8. Select the BIOS update file that matches the System Board ID, with a
    “0” before the four-digit number (for example, if the System Board
    ID is 2291, select the 02291.bin file).

    Figure : BIOS update file selection

    澳门新萄京8522 13

  9. A confirmation screen displays the current BIOS version and the
    version of BIOS after the update. Click Apply
    Update Now to confirm and begin the update.

    Figure : Apply Update Now

    澳门新萄京8522 14

  10. If the BIOS is locked with an administrator password, type the
    password, and then press Enter.

    Figure : Enter BIOS Administrator
    Password

    澳门新萄京8522 15

  11. The BIOS Management screen shows the write and verify progress. Wait
    for the update to complete.

    Figure : Writing new BIOS Image progress

    澳门新萄京8522 16

  12. If the BIOS update is successful, a screen shows the completion
    status, and the system restarts automatically after 30 seconds. Do
    not attempt to turn off your computer while the system restarts.

    The BIOS update process is complete.

    Figure : System BIOS update is complete

    澳门新萄京8522 17

    If the BIOS update fails, a failure screen displays, and the
    system restarts automatically after 30 seconds.

    Additional information about the failure is displayed if available.
    If the BIOS was written, the system will execute a BIOS recovery
    after a restart. Do not attempt to turn off your computer while the
    system restarts.

    Figure : System BIOS update failed

    澳门新萄京8522 18

File System Initialization

The kernel starts up the processes, and loads the file-systems. The main
file-system then includes initialization files, which can be used to set
up the operating systems environment, and initialize all the services,
daemons, and applications.

You may make one copy of the ISO file on a disc, USB flash drive or
other media in order to install the software on a computer. Once you
have installed the software on a computer, the license terms that
accompany the software apply to your use of the software and replace
these terms. The license terms for Windows 7, once accepted, permit you
to make one copy of the software as a back-up copy for reinstallation on
the licensed computer. If you do not delete the copy of the ISO file you
made to install the software on your computer, then the copy of the ISO
file constitutes your back-up copy. Installation

Step 1: Back Up

澳门新萄京8522 19

Sony hardly walks people through the conversion process—you’ve got to
know where to look in the PS3’s menus, and many of the steps can be a
bit tricky. But the first procedure is a no-brainer—back up your data.
That’s a good idea before doing major tinkering with any PC, and it’s
especially smart with this project, which requires the installation of a
second operating system and either reformatting or replacing the PS3’s
hard drive. The PlayStation’s own OS won’t disappear in the process
(it’s stored on flash memory), but saved games will be wiped clean, so
it’s critical to back them up. A backup command that works with any
USB-connected external drive is built into the PS3 OS (it’s under
“System Settings”), but it will only back up saved game data. Other
media files (music, video, etc.) need to be backed up manually.

Hardware Initialization

Typically, when a CPU starts up, it does some internal consistency
checks and transfers control to a PROM or EPROM device that contains
permanent coding meant (硬件方法) to survive a power loss (掉电). In
some computers, this is all the code they need. However, in many general
computing devices, this read-only memory defines a BIOS or Basic I/O
System, capable of finding a boot sector on a standard secondary memory
device. In some cartridge type game machines, the BIOS transfers control
to the cartridge after doing some preliminary tests to make sure the
machinery is working correctly. On other machines like the PC and Mac,
the BIOS calls a utility from read only memory and lets that check the
machinery.

To install the Windows 7 USB/DVD Download tool:

Step 3: Install Your New OS

澳门新萄京8522 20

This is where things get somewhat complicated. PS3 can’t run Microsoft
Windows or Apple’s OS X but it can run Linux operating systems. There
are many Linux varieties, but our favorite is
Ubuntu. And it turns out
that the open-source community has created a program called kboot that
helps load Ubuntu onto the PS3.

To download an installation kit including both kboot and the Ubuntu OS,
click right here. The file is an ISO, which can be burned to a CD or DVD
to create a bootable disc with a program such as ImgBurn.

The first step in loading the new operating system is to create a drive
partition. Select “System Settings,” then “Format Utility” from the menu
of the PS3. Choose “Custom” and allot 10 GB to the “Other OS.” Choose
“Quick Format,” then restart.

Once the partition is made, the OS can be loaded from the Ubuntu disc
using the “Install Other OS” function under “Settings” in the PS3 menu.
This installs kboot, which allows the PS3 to install Ubuntu.

Switching between the Play­Station operating system and Ubuntu is not as
straightforward as dual booting a standard PC. In fact, after installing
the kboot file, you need to delve back into the PS3’s System Menu to
designate “Other OS” under “Default System” before the PS3 even installs
the full Ubuntu OS. When you restart the PS3, plug a mouse and keyboard
into the USB ports. (PlayStation controllers are good for gaming, but
terrible for computing.) The console will boot using your Ubuntu disc
and install the new system. (Expect it to take about an hour.)

With Ubuntu installed, you can use your PS3 to run programs such as
OpenOffice for spreadsheets and word processing, Firefox for Web surfing
and VLC for movie playback. In short, your console will be able to do
anything a normal PC can do.

There is, however, a trick to getting back to the native PlayStation OS.
To make the switch, reboot the console, and at the boot prompt, type
“boot-os-game,” then press Enter. This brings the PS3 back to game land.
澳门新萄京8522 21

Power On Self-Test

The POST, or Power On Self-Test triggers the initialization of
peripheral devices and the memory of the computer, and may, if preset
parameters are set to allow it, do a preliminary memory check. It also
sets the bottom of memory so that the operating system knows how much
memory it has to work with.

Once the Power On Self-Test is completed, the computer attempts to pass
control to the boot sector of the secondary memory device. In cases like
the PC where you may have multiple secondary memory devices, it can
sample each device in turn, according to either a standard pattern, or
according to parameters set in a battery protected static RAM device.
The boot sector is part of the bootstrap system that loads the specific
operating system.

The copy of the ISO file that the Windows 7 USB/DVD Download tool
creates is bootable. Bootable media allows you to install Windows 7
without having to first run an existing operating system on your
machine. If you change the boot order of drives in your computer’s BIOS,
you can run the Windows 7 installation directly from your USB flash
drive or DVD when you turn on your computer. Please see the
documentation for your computer for information on how to change the
BIOS boot order of drives. 

Step 2: Upgrade Your Drive

澳门新萄京8522 22

PlayStation 3 ships with either a 40 or 80 GB drive. That’s plenty of
storage for games and could suffice for basic computing. But upgrading
the hard drive on the PS3 is remarkably easy, so we saw it as a good
excuse to bump up the storage capacity to a more PC-friendly level. The
PS3 uses 2.5-in. laptop drives, and high­capacity replacements can be
purchased from online retailers such as Newegg or Directron for $60 to
$150. We went for Toshiba’s capacious 250 GB—ample space for large
movie, music and photo collections.

The drive is located behind a small removable panel on the side of the
PS3 and can be replaced without too much muss and fuss. It is secured in
a removable cage, which is held in place by one screw. The upgrade is
similar to a drive replacement in a PC—old drive pops out, new drive
pops in. When the console is turned on, the PS3 formats the new drive.

Kernel Initialization

Once the kernel is fully loaded, the next step in initialization is to
set the kernel parameters and options, and add any modules that have
been selected in the kernel set-up file. Once the kernel is fully
initialized it takes over control of the computer and continues
initialization with the file-systems and processes.

Note: You cannot install Windows 7 from the ISO file until you copy
it to a USB flash drive or DVD with the Windows 7 USB/DVD Download tool
and install from there. 

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